Updated: 8/31/20 | August 31st, 2020
Madagascar, a country famed for lemurs, baobab trees, birding, and jungles, provides visitors a rich playground to explore. I was enthralled by its beauty: the sweeping canyons and gorges, the grand waterfalls, and the sheer diversity of the landscape.
One day you’re in a tropical jungle, the next you’re in an arid plain, and a few hours later you’re in a subtropical forest! Plus, there really are seemingly unlimited varieties of lemurs.
Though Madagascar is remote and finding low-cost flights is tricky, with only 350,000 visitors per year, you get a lot of the country to yourself! (And it’s always better to go to a place sooner rather than later because you never know where the next “it” destination is going to be!)
Though I didn’t get as much time there as I’d like (the roads are terrible; it takes eight hours to go 250km), here are some of the wonders you can expect on your visit:
1. Avenue of the Baobabs
Baobab trees are enormous trees that can grow 98 feet tall and 36 feet broad and can live up to 1,000 years (that’s about the height of an eight-story building). The reason they get so broad so that they can absorb and store water because the climate is so dry (as much as 1,000 gallons of water can be stored in a single tree).
While there are similar trees in the genus, baobabs are completely distinct to Madagascar. They’re an outstanding sight, especially when your guide casually mentions that the enormous one you’re hugging is just a baby — at 400 years old. Unfortunately, the trees are an endangered species due to clearcutting and agriculture.
While the trees can be found throughout the country, this road lined with them (just an hour outside Morondava) — and straight out of a postcard — is one of those renowned images of Madagascar. the best time for photos is during sunrise or sunset. the worst time for crowds? Those same times. pick your poison.
This park, which was declared a UNESCO world Heritage site in 1990, is near the western coast and is not an easy place to visit. It takes one complete day through four-wheel drive on very rough terrain to get there. It’s very remote, with few tourists.
The plus side? It’s one of the most amazing sites in the country.
Water and wind spent over 200 million years carving the limestone into jagged peaks that look like a row of never-ending knives (hence the name Tsingy, which implies “where one cannot walk barefoot”). To get around, you use rope bridges, ladders, and fixed cables. The area also has a lot of caving, and typically people pair a trip here with a slow boat down the Tsiribihina River (send photos of that if you go, because sadly, due to time, I missed going to the river!).
3. Isalo national Park
Created in 1962 and located in the south-central part of the country, this park features multiple rugged hiking trails (bring water and a hat, as you are exposed many of the time); cliffs, ravines, gorges, and canyons; and plentiful fauna (there are over 100 species of birds here). It’s a Westworld-like park and it blew me away. It was my favorite place in Madagascar.
There are three waterfalls you can amazing off in after your walks and a variety of lemur species (they get pretty close as they are desensitized to humans, so view your food!). You are required to hire a guide (they are found at the entrance), but they were terrific explainers of the land and the local culture.
Added bonus: the clear sky and lack of light pollution make for some amazing sunsets and star-filled nights. I never saw the Milky way so clearly.
4. Nosy Be
Nosy Be is the place to opt for Madagascar’s trademark beaches. located five miles off the coast of the main island, Nosy Be is a volcanic island that spans over 120 square miles (310 sq km). While it is a volcanic island, no eruptions have occurred in recorded history.
Here you’ll find white-sand beaches and a much more upscale, Western environment. There are expensive restaurants, big resorts, and lots of couples and families (which is typically who check outs Madagascar). beach parties erupt each Sunday, and there’s some amazing snorkeling, diving, fishing, and whale viewing (the waters around Nosy Be are home to humpback and dwarf fin whales). It’s the quintessential tropical island paradise — with the quintessential cost (but it is the best beach in the country!).
5. Île Sainte Marie
While everyone goes to Nosy Be for the better beaches and fancier resorts, if you want something a little much more local, cheap, and relaxed, check out Île Sainte Marie off the eastern coast.
Known as Nosy Boraha, this former pirate capital (Captain Kidd, the 17th-century Scottish pirate, sank nearby) is a amazing island full of little coves, a pirate graveyard, delicious seafood, and a laid-back Caribbean-like atmosphere. It’s home to over 26,000 people and spans over 85 square miles (220 sq km). While the beaches aren’t as good as Nosy Be, but there’s a beautiful, beautiful white-sand beach in the south of the island near the airport that few people visit. This is also the best part of the country for whale viewing too (humpback whales come here to breed between July-September).
When coming here, fly. The slow boat is practically always late and lands nowhere near a major town on the mainland. Taking the boat wastes an entire day.
6. Ranomafana national Park
A prime example of a tropical cloud forest, Ranomafana was my second favorite place after Isalo. This is one of the best spots in the country to see lemurs, as it includes twelve species.
Besides lemurs, there were the well-known giraffe beetles and lots of birds, chameleons, and other wildlife. Of the multiple trails available (you are also required to get a guide here), I would do the morning hike, then the afternoon and night hikes at the secondary entrance, as the majority of trips skip that and you get much more of the park Kendine. (There are also hot springs in the nearby town to unwind in.)
Due to the park’s popularity, there’s a daily limit on the number of people who can visit, so it’s best to go in the low season. While the park covers 161 square miles (415 sq km), you only get to see a few square miles of it, so it can still be crowded, especially in the morning when the trip buses come.
7. Andasibe-Mantadia national Park (Lemur Island)
Located between the capital and the east coast, this area is well-known for the Indri lemur, which makes a sound like a growling devil bat that echoes across the jungle. nearby is also the well-known Lemur Island ($3 USD admission), which has 4 species lemurs that have been rescued from being pets.
Established in 1989, the park spans over 155 square kilometers (60 sq mi) and is a protected area. It receives over 210 days of rain every year on average. here the lemurs let you get up close and personal because they have been domesticated. However, they are also released back into their natural habitat to be wild again when they’re ready. But, if for some reason they can’t adapt, they live freely in the park and are safe from outside risks as logging and agriculture have isolated the park from nearby natural landscapes, threatening the wildlife that calls the park home.
Down on the west coast, this small port town is well-known for the expats who relocation there, the pizza (it’s a seriously popular dish in the country), and for being a launching pad for diving excursions to the terrific Reef offshore. There’s not much else to do except sit by the beach or go into the water.
The city was founded in the 17th century by French buccaneers (pirates) for commercial trading purposes, with the city expanding during the French occupation.
The drive getting here on the N7 (the only north-south highway) is also pretty amazing, as you can take in Ranomafana, Isalo, and other spots along the way!
Home to over 1.6 million people, Antananarivo is the capital of the country and the largest city in Madagascar. prior to French colonization in 1897, the city was already a thriving cultural hub. After the country obtained independence in 1960, the city’s population boomed.
Today, it’s a chaotic place with not a lot to do, but it’s a good stop to see the lemur park and the Rova (the old palace), get a sense of the international scene in the city, and use it as your launching pad for stops even more afield.
10. Overload on zebu
Zebu is a type of cow with a large hump on its back. originally from Asia, it’s much more of a work cow, like an ox, and you’ll see them all over the country. They’re not only essential for farming and food but have developed into a cultural symbol for the country. They are even used as dowries in weddings. It’s the only kind of beef in the country and is always on the menu (along with healthy portions of rice).
However, the meat is really tough, thanks to all the work the animals do in the fields, and so it’s best in a stew or as a steak. I can’t say I loved it. but typically it was either that or pasta. I had so much zebu that I’m good for the rest of my life.
11. Drive the N5
Heading north along the east coast from Toamasina to Maroantsetra, this road — and I use that word loosely — is a potholed-filled expedition through some of the rawest and beautiful areas of Madagascar and your best chance to see the well-known aye-aye lemur. The road here meanders through dense jungle, over rivers, and through tiny towns in one of the most undeveloped parts of the country. Stretching 250 miles (400km), it’s said that the route Nationale 5 (N5) is the worst road in the country. I’m inclined to agree!
You’re really off the beaten path here. numerous sections are typically impassable so budget a lot of time. The road rapidly turns bad outside of Toamasina and doesn’t get much better as you progress. They say it takes over 24 hours to drive the entire “road.“Bu kadar hızlı bile şaşırdım!
12. Balina İzleniyor
Haziran ve Kasım ayları arasında, 7.000’den fazla kambur balina, üremek için Antarktika’dan Madagaskar’a göç eder (her yıl 25.000km/15.500mi’den daha fazla göç edebilirler!). Balina izleme dünyanın en iyilerinden bazıları. Tekneyi sainte Marie’ye götürürken, suyun bir çift ihlali gördük ve görmek muhteşemdi.
Yetişkinler, 30 metrik tonun (6,00lbs) ağırlığındaki 16m’ye (52 feet) kadar büyüyebilir. Ayrıca Madagaskar çevresinde daha az yaygın (ve yakın zamanda keşfedilen) Omura Balina (Cüce Fin Balinası) da bulabilirsiniz.
En iyisi, ülkedeki çok az turistle, bir fotoğraf için yarışan 9.384.732 tekneden biri değilsiniz!
13. Uzun sürücüler ve manzaralarda zevk
Yollar çok kötü olduğunda, bir arabada çok zaman geçireceksiniz. Dediğim gibi, sadece 250km (155 mil) gitmek yaklaşık sekiz saat sürüyor! Üst kısım, dağların ve sakızların güzel manzaralarını, yemyeşil yağmur ormanlarını ve teraslı pirinç çeltikleriyle kaplı vadilerden geçen uzun sürücülerden zevk alacağınızdır. Çok fazla okuma yapmak istedim, ama tipik olarak görüşler tarafından çekildim. Madagaskar çok güzeldi!
Uzun sürüşlerden nefret ederken, gördüğüm her dağ ve vadinin çok sayıda fotoğrafını çekmek için birkaç dakikada bir çekim yapmaktan memnun oldum.
Madagaskar’ın görecek ve yapacak çok şeyi var. Yıllarca süren çevresel bozulmaya rağmen (ciddi, büyük bir sorun olmaya devam ediyor), yine de dünyanın üçüncü büyük adasına yerli olan birçok fantastik yerli bitki ve egzotik hayvan görebilirsiniz. Madagaskar ulaşmak için bir yolculuk olsa da, bu vurgular size hatırlamanız için bir gezi verecektir.
Madagaskar seyahatinizi ayırtın: lojistik öneriler ve püf noktaları
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Seyahat sigortasını unutma
Seyahat sigortası sizi hastalık, yaralanma, hırsızlık ve iptallere karşı koruyacaktır. Her şeyin ters gitmesi durumunda geniş bir koruma. Geçmişte defalarca kullanmak zorunda olduğum için asla onsuz bir yolculuğa çıkmam. En iyi hizmeti ve değeri sunan en sevdiğim şirketler:
Güvenlik Kanadı (70’in altındaki herkes için)
Seyahatimi sigortalayın (70’in üzerinde olanlar için)
Medjet (ek geri dönüş kapsamı için)
Para tasarrufu sağlayacak en iyi şirketleri mi arıyorsunuz?
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Madagaskar hakkında çok daha fazla bilgi ister misiniz?
Çok daha fazla planlama ipucu için Madagaskar’daki sağlam hedef kılavuzumuza göz atmayı unutmayın!
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